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  • The Busan Consensus--A Turning Point?

    On December 18, 2014, The European Institute hosted a breakfast discussion on the results and implications of last month’s 2014 ITU Plenipotentiary Conference in Busan, Korea. The panelists: Ambassador Daniel Sepulveda, Deputy Assistant Secretary and U.S. Coordinator for International Communications and Information Policy at the U.S. Department of State; Andrea Glorioso, Counselor for the Digital Agenda & ICT at the Delegation of the European Union; Sally Shipman Wentworth, Vice President of Global Policy Development at the Internet Society; Marie Royce, Vice President Public Affairs at Alcatel-Lucent; and Leslie Martinkovics, Director of International Public Policy & Regulatory Affairs at Verizon addressed the outcomes of the ITU Plenipotentiary, the implications for the multi-stakeholder model of internet governance, in which openness, transparency and democratic principles can sustainably prevail in the digital age, and the challenges looking ahead to 2015. Dr. Michael Nelson, Adjunct Professor for Internet Studies in the Communication, Culture, & Technology Program at Georgetown University moderated the discussion.

European Affairs

The Journal of the European Institute

"The Last Warrior: Andrew Marshall and the Shaping of Modern American Defense Strategy" by Andrew Krepinevich and Barry Watts; Basic Books; 305 pages

- Reviewed by Laurence Barrett, former Senior Editor Time Magazine

larrybarrettIn 1969 Henry Kissinger, National Security Adviser in Richard Nixon’s new administration, shared his boss’s dissatisfaction with the data and analysis flowing daily from the Central Intelligence Agency. Kissinger decided to enlist an outside expert with top security clearance to evaluate the CIA’s reporting process.

For this delicate task he chose Andrew W. Marshall, who in two decades at the RAND Corporation had become the think tank’s Director of Strategic Studies. Marshall had also earned a reputation among defense intellectuals as an apostate in the cathedral of conventional wisdom.

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Immigration Issues Roil UK

- By Geoffrey Paul, Independent London Journalist

geoffpaul"Is there no one left in Britain who can make a sandwich?” asked a plaintive headline in a leading British tabloid, questioning the need to import 300 Hungarians to help make sandwiches for British supermarkets because the job did not appeal to local unemployed. The headline reflects the current obsession with the employment of European immigrants in menial jobs that Brits will not accept. There is also a constant stream of European migrants to fill vacancies for skilled workers in the building trade for which no trained local labour is available. Despite the country's need for these helping hands from Europe, they and their families are widely, if incorrectly, perceived (opinion poll in The Times) as negatively impacting the number of school places available for native-born children. They are also held responsible for low wages, lack of jobs and waiting times in hospital emergency departments. A sizeable proportion – 31 per cent of those polled – even blamed European immigration for the heavy traffic on major highways.

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Perspectives: Georgia—Another Target in Russia’s “Near Abroad”

- Svante E. Cornell, Director of the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program

CornellSvanteRussia went to war with Georgia in 2008, in a manner that, at least with the benefit of hindsight, appeared a trial run for this year’s invasion of Ukraine. Since then, Russia has stirred trouble in Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Azerbaijan, and as far as the Baltic States, while bankrolling right-wing extremist parties in European Union countries. It is remarkable, however, that after the 2008 war, Georgia seemed off the target list.

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U.S. Secretary of Defense—“Second Hardest Job” in U.S. Government

- By John Barry, former Security Correspondent for Newsweek

johnbarrySo Chuck Hagel is leaving the Defense Department. That’s a wise decision on his and President Obama’s part. Hagel was chosen as Secretary of Defense when the task ahead was to shrink the Pentagon’s budget and withdraw American forces from conflicts bequeathed to Obama in Iraq and Afghanistan. A leader, in other words, for a period of American withdrawal from the world in response to twenty weary years of war since 9/11. But the world has proved it won’t wait. The United States confronts new challenges; and the mid-term election results suggest, like the opinion polls, that voters realize, however incoherently, that America has little choice but to meet them. Relish it or not, the United States remains “the indispensable power” --- a phrase given currency by Madeleine Albright, President Carter’s Secretary of State, but echoing the view of her predecessors back to Dean Acheson after World War Two.

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Catalans Have Voted – Now What?

- By Ryan Barnes, Senior International Trade Specialist, U.S. Department of Commerce, Recently in Barcelona

ryan barnes photo 2Voters have spoken, but has anything changed? The November 9th “consultation” on Catalonia’s relationship with Spain went ahead, much to the dismay of the Spanish Government and Constitutional Court. Over eighty-percent voiced support for secession from Spain, yet the turnout was a mere thirty-five percent.

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OUR MUST READS

- Erin Kelly

“The Quiet German” The astonishing rise of Angela Merkel, the most powerful woman in the world. By George Packer, in "The New Yorker,” Dec. 1.  Excellent piece showing how Merkel has deployed her quiet, laconic, even boring style into an extraordinary political success and become the crucial player in Europe’s handling of the Ukraine crisis and in relations between Europe and both Russia and the U.S. (Recommended by European Affairs).

 
- Natalie Fahey

Banking Union in Nine Questions,” Written statement prepared by Nicolas Véron, Senior Fellow at the Belgian think tank, Bruegel.  Veron provides a clear and authoritative picture of the soon-to-be-implemented EU banking union,  with analysis of its origins and its prospect for success as well as work still to be done.

 
- Jon Ferris

Net Neutrality Event 8/6/14.  (Scroll down)  Video recording of  presentation by Scott Marcus at the Internet Society-DC, on the complexities of the net neutrality  issue, too often  reduced to slogans “pro and con.”   Marcus, a principal at WIK Consult, also authoritatively discusses the substantial differences in the way the issue of net neutrality is addressed in the U.S. and Europe.   Recommended by Mike Nelson, adjunct professor at Georgetown University and member of The Board of Directors of the European Institute.

 

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OUR NEWSROOM

"EU Energy Policy - Challenges & Solutions" with Lithuanian Energy Minister Jaroslav Neverovic in The Lithuanian Tribune: "Energy Minister Neverovic discussed EU Energy Policy in Washington DC" by Virginijus Sinkevicius

The European Institute's event with Julie Brill & Jan Philipp Albrecht on "Data Protection, Privacy & Security" in The Hill: "Overnight Tech: Showdown on Spying" by Kate Tummarello & Brendan Sasso

The European Institute's event on "Data Protection, Privacy & Security: Re-Establishing Trust between Europe & the United States" in POLITICO: "EU to D.C.: Friends 'do not spy on each other'" by Tony Romm & Erin Mershon

The European Institute's event with Natalia Gherman, Foreign Minister of Moldova in Radio Free Europe: "Moldova's Foreign Minister Seeks U.S. Political, Economic Support"   

The Honorable Richard Bruton T.D., Irish Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation at The European Institute in The Irish Times: "Multinationals to advise on tax scheme" by Simon Carswell

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